Chapter 12: Chronic Venous Insufficiency Presentation

Original authors: Andrew W. Bradbury, Andrew D. Lambert, Robert B. McLafferty, and C. Vaughan Ruckley

Abstracted  by Teresa L. Carman


  • Introduction
  • Incidence
  • Presentation
  • Diagnosis
  • Conclusions
  • Commonly asked questions
    • Do I need to bring anything to my first appointment with the vein specialist?
    • Do I need to fast or not eat before my appointment?
    • Will I need a surgery for my veins?


Evaluation of venous disease whether asymptomatic or causing severe symptoms begins with a good history and a physical examination including laboratory studies if necessary. Most venous disease is not a major problem for the patient and does not require a surgery or procedure. Patients with bothersome symptoms or recurrent ulcers may benefit from a procedure or surgery.

Open Chapter 12 (PDF Format)